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Ability

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Almost everything a Player Character does is affected by his abilities: Strength (STR), Dexterity (DEX), Constitution (CON), Intelligence (INT), Wisdom (WIS), and Charisma (CHA).

Characters can increase an ability by one at levels: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 28.

The "comeliness" statistic is used in some versions of tabletop D&D but is not used in DDO. Abilities are also sometimes named attributes or stats.

Strength (STR)

Strength measures your Player Character’s muscle and physical power. This ability is especially important for fighters, barbarians, paladins, and rangers because it helps them prevail in combat. Strength also limits the amount of equipment your character can carry.

You apply your character’s Strength modifier to:

  • Melee attack rolls.
  • Damage rolls when using a melee attack. (Exceptions: If your Strength modifier is positive, two-weapon off-hand attacks receive only half the usual modifier, and two-handed weapons receive one-and-a-half times it. Negative Strength modifiers apply at normal values in all cases.)
  • Damage rolls when using a thrown weapon. (Please Note: attack rolls for thrown weapons apply your Dexterity modifier unless you have the Feat Brutal Throw.)
  • If negative, applies to damage rolls when using a bow. Positive Strength modifiers only add to bow damage if the character possesses the Bow Strength feat. This applies to all Shortbows, Longbows, Composite Shortbows, and Composite Longbows.
  • Jump and Swim checks. These skills have Strength as their key ability.
  • Strength checks to break down some doors and pull some levers/valves. For Example:

Note #1: Negative Strength modifiers cannot reduce a damage roll below 1 point.

Note #2: Several of the damage adjustments on this page do not display correctly in your wielded weapons' mouseover descriptions. They are listed correctly in the details at the bottom of your inventory panel, however.

Dexterity (DEX)

Dexterity measures hand-eye coordination, agility, reflexes, and balance. This ability is the most important one for rogues, but it’s also high on the list for Player Characters who typically wear light armor (rangers and barbarians), medium armor (barbarians), or no armor at all (monks, wizards, and sorcerers), and for anyone who wants to be a skilled archer.

You apply your Player Character’s Dexterity modifier to:

Constitution (CON)

Constitution represents your Player Character’s health and stamina. A Constitution bonus increases a character’s hit points, so the ability is important for all classes.

You apply your character’s Constitution modifier to:

  • The number of Hit points you get each level.
  • Fortitude saving throws, for resisting poison and similar threats.
  • Concentration checks. Concentration is a skill, important to spell casters, that has Constitution as its key ability.
    • A monk's stable ki level is also equal to his or her total Concentration skill.
  • Dwarf Characters may use the Tier 4 Enhancement - Throw your Weight Around - to use their Constitution Modifier for Melee Damage rolls (instead of Strength) with specific racial weapons.

If a character’s Constitution score changes enough to alter his or her Constitution modifier, the character’s hit points also increase or decrease accordingly.

Intelligence (INT)

Intelligence determines how well your Player Character learns and reasons. This ability is important for wizards or artificers as it affects how many spell points they have, how hard their spells are to resist, and how powerful their spells can be. It's also important for any character who wants to have a wide assortment of skills.

You apply your Player Character’s Intelligence modifier to:

You can also apply your Intelligence Modifier to your Melee and/or Ranged Attack rolls and/or Damage rolls through the use of:

  • Harper Strategic Combat I (Attack Rolls only)
  • Harper Strategic Combat II (Damage Rolls only)
  • Swashbuckler Tier 3 enhancement Different Tack (Damage Rolls Only)
  • Mechanic Core 3 enhancement Targeting Sights (Damage Rolls Only. Only Crossbows and Thrown Weapons)

Feat Prerequisites and Skill Points

The following Feats have a minimum Intelligence Requirement:

At first level (character creation), the number of skill points given is equal to (Class modifier2: Clerics, Favored Souls, Fighters, Paladins, Sorcerers and Wizards
4: Barbarians and Monks
6: Bards and Rangers
8: Rogues
+ Intelligence modifier) * 4. At each further level gained in a class, a character receives a number of skill points equal to Class modifier2: Clerics, Favored Souls, Fighters, Paladins, Sorcerers and Wizards
4: Barbarians and Monks
6: Bards and Rangers
8: Rogues
+ Intelligence modifier (with a minimum of 1 skill point).

Note: Even if your Player Character's race starts with 6 Intelligence (Half-Orc), and your Player Character's class gets 2 base skill points per level (Cleric, Favored Soul, Fighter, Paladin, Sorcerer, or Wizard), your Player Character will still get 1 skill point each level.

Wisdom (WIS)

Wisdom describes a Player Character’s willpower, common sense, perception, and intuition. While Intelligence represents one’s ability to analyze information, Wisdom represents being in tune with and aware of one’s surroundings.

Wisdom is the most important ability for Clerics, and it is also important for Favored Souls, Paladins, Rangers, Druids and Monks. If you want your character to have acute senses, put a high score in Wisdom. Every creature has a Wisdom score.

You apply your Player Character’s Wisdom modifier to:

Clerics, Paladins, Druid and Rangers get bonus spell points based on their Wisdom scores. The minimum Wisdom score needed to cast a Cleric, Paladin, or Ranger spell is 10 + the spell’s level.

Wisdom may be used to hit with Shortbows and Longbows if using the Zen Archery feat. To use Wisdom as attack and/or damage modifier in melee, use Flame Blade or some of the named items, for example Scepter of Healing.

Charisma (CHA)

Charisma measures a player character's force of personality, persuasiveness, personal magnetism, ability to lead, and physical attractiveness. This ability represents actual strength of personality, not merely how one is perceived by others in a social setting. Charisma is most important for bards, paladins, sorcerers, and warlocks. It is also important for clerics, since it affects their ability to turn undead. Every creature has a Charisma score.

You apply your character's Charisma modifier to:


Bards, favored souls, sorcerers, and warlocks get bonus spell points based on their Charisma scores. The minimum Charisma score needed to cast a bard, sorcerer, or warlock spell is 10 + the spell's level.

Ability modifiers

Each ability has a modifier that is 0 for an ability score of 10 and increases by 1 every 2 ability points above (or decreases by 1 every 2 ability points below). This modifier is the number you apply to the die roll when your character tries to do something related to that ability. You also use the modifier with some numbers that aren’t die rolls. A positive modifier is called a bonus, and a negative modifier is called a penalty.

When an ability modifier changes, all attributes associated with that modifier change accordingly. Note that a character does not retroactively get additional skill points for previous levels if they increases their intelligence; however, a character who increases their constitution will get additional hit points.

See the modifier page for a table giving the modifier tied to an ability score.